This was the day that Spain beheaded ETA for the first time: the blow to Bidart turns 25

first_imgThe Xilokan hamlet, where the arrests occurred. Image: EFE ‘Artapalo’, ‘Fitti’ and ‘Txelis’ fell into the hands of the Civil Guard and the Gauls expertsSpain followed them months ago, Gonzalez was able to fly them and saved the Olympic Games and the ExpoA mole, an informer and a lost agenda, keys in the biggest blow to the band ‘Artapalo’ has a pirate’s name but was an ETA gunman, ‘Fittipaldi’ did not drive cars and ‘Txelis’ fell off the horse like Tarsus, and went from terrorist to santurrón. On March 29, 1992, in full years of lead, three of the top ETA chiefs ended up being shackled in an operation of which their 25th anniversary is celebrated this Wednesday and which has been considered for three decades the model to be followed by the forces of security of Spain and France. The date coincides with the announcement of the disarmament of ETA, which still has 200 weapons and five tons of explosives in its possession.The ETA decapitation in Bidart, seven kilometers from Biarritz (France) and 20 from the border, was the biggest blow against the criminal organization in its history: for the first time the dome was dismantled, which also had more than a decade in the Power to blow of car bomb and shot in the neck.Francisco Múgica Garmendia, ‘Pakito’ or ‘Artapalo’ (number one ETA and responsible for commands), José María Arregui Erostarbe, ‘Fittipaldi’ (the bomb expert), and José Luis Álvarez Santacristina, ‘Txelis’ (ideologue and strategist of the band of the ax and the snake), were arrested in a macrooperación cooked to simmer, with collaboration on both sides of the border, a mole of the Civil Guard infiltrated and above all patience, much patience. 8:40 – 03/29/2017 | 15:02 – 03/29/17 Barcelona 92 ​​and the Expo in the headAfter the seizure of Sokoa in 1986 and the killing of Hipercor in 1987 (21 dead in Barcelona), the Ajuria Enea Pact and the Algiers talks incardinate the framework where Bidart will germinate. The success was conceived in the infiltration of a mole among the terrorists, according to the version of the General of the Civil Guard, Enrique Rodríguez Galindo, later convicted by the LAGs. Following the decommissioning of the Eibar Command in 1989, information from a confidant (known by Cesid as ‘Pedro’ according to Interview, was a member legal which became a sneak) “takes Galindo to watch over an ETA leader for months until he guides him to the direction of the band”, as confirmed by The country José Luis Corcuera, at that time Minister of the Interior. An agenda lost by José Luis Urrusolo Sistiaga, of the Barcelona command, did the rest.Thus, an operation of the Benemérita guarded the area that Sunday afternoon. They had been on the track for four months and even had the option of taking a step forward only a fortnight.After half an hour of six, the agents see how ‘Txelis’ arrives on a motorcycle at a farmhouse in Bidart, where ‘Fitti’ is already. Soon after, another terrorist acts as a driver for a stranger in his Ford Escort. Their shouts, their imprecations and the fact that they have changed vehicles up to three times, leaves no doubt: it is a big fish. An officer of the armed institute even acknowledges it: they are the features of ‘Artapalo’, it is ‘Pakito’, the ultimate goal in the Spanish anti-terrorist struggle. Green light: the elite gala unit (since the armed institute cannot act on French soil) executes the operation at breakneck speed. Although all three carry guns, they barely have time to try to burn photos and documents. Everything is calm at twenty to seven.The Moncloa breathes relief: there were only 22 days left before the inauguration of the Seville Expo and that summer the Olympic Games were held in Barcelona. The anti-terrorist blow was a great victory.“It’s over,” Rodríguez Galindo snapped at ‘Pakito’ at the Bayonne police station. For the Artapalo collective, as this slope (commando, in Basque) was known as its leader, of course yes.Gonzalez and the bomb that wasn’tBefore Bidart, former government president Felipe González was able to “give an order to liquidate the entire ETA dome”, he had “an opportunity” and refused, as he explained in an interview with the Prisa newspaper in 2010. According to his version, Spanish espionage had detected a meeting the direction of the band in Iparralde, the French Basque Country: “It was possible to fly them all together.” “I said no,” he explained then.González, who dated that moment between 1990 or 1989, explained how this episode happened: “It is located place and day, but the possibility that we had to stop them was zero, they were outside our territory. And the possibility that the operation was done by France at that time it was very scarce. Now it would have been easier (…) At that time it was only possible to fly them all together in the house where they were going to meet (…) The decision is yes or no I simplify it, I said: No. And I add to this: I still don’t know if I did the right thing, “he said.last_img