Int’l funding cuts hampered HIV/AIDS programmes – Lawrence

first_img…as Govt working on new strategies to sensitise publicWhile cuts in funding from foreign organisations have hampered the drive to sensitise the public on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), Government is working on innovative ways around this set back.This is according to Public Health Minister Volda Lawrence, who explained during a recent interview with the media that this is a scenario being faced not only by Guyana but by other countries in the region. Additionally, non-governmental organisations (NGO) previously on the frontlines of spreading awareness have been hit hard.“With regards to expanding those programmes, the programme for 2018 has been rolled out. There’s a second phase that starts very soon and that is some more public awareness. With regards what happened previously, you would not see (awareness) on that scale because it was foreign funded.”“There was a lot of foreign funding in the Caribbean and Guyana. What is happening is not only Guyana, it’s throughout the Caribbean. The funds have dried up. So many of the NGOs who were gatekeepers no longer exist or they’re not working in a wide area as they use to do before. But the Ministry, I can assure you, we will do whatever we can with the budget we have to ensure that we come up with some new strategies.”Asked for more details on measures to enhance public information, Lawrence noted that they have been working with the Ministries of Education and Social Protection to reach as much adolescents as possible. It has been reported that there has been a rise in new HIV cases among this group.“We’ve been sharing thousands of condoms out there. We will continue to collaborate, not only with the sister Ministries but with NGOs. It is the responsibility of the Ministry of Public Health to ensure that we keep our population safe from any disease. And we have been doing so. With regards to the rise, it is not something new. We have been looking at the trend, since last year we saw an increase in the younger age group.”“And we did put some other measures in place. Let me say that that number is not confirmed. And so they are working on it. Very soon they’ll be putting out the CMO (Chief Medical Officer’s) report, which has not been published for several years. I had a preliminary meeting and that’s why I can say to you those numbers had not been confirmed. I was made to understand there are some changes in the way the reporting is done now.”HIV in GuyanaIt was reported previously that Region Four (Demerara-Mahaica) had recorded the highest number of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) cases for 2017, with 650. The figures were displayed during the Pan Caribbean Partnership against HIV and AIDS (PANCAP) consultation for faith leaders, hosted at the Marriott Hotel in Kingston, Georgetown in August.The country has also seen an overall increase in HIV cases, owing to the fact that 705 were recorded in 2015, 855 in 2016, and a whopping 961 cases were confirmed in 2017. And according to statistics presented, Region Four’s place as most populated with HIV affected persons is due to the fact that it is evidently the most populated region in the country.Trailing Region Four was Region Three (Essequibo Islands-West Demerara), with 130 cases of HIV in 2017. For the same year, Region Eight (Potaro-Siparuni) was documented as the region with the least number of cases, since a mere three persons were diagnosed with the virus there.Minister within the Public Health Ministry, Dr Karen Cummings had said there are many gaps in AIDS responses, which deserve some attention. The Minister had also encouraged the use of treatment, as she noted that neither HIV nor AIDS is a death sentence.“There are still major gaps in the AIDS response, and then there are barriers that still stop people from accessing quality healthcare services. Too often, stigma and discrimination prevent people from accessing the much-needed healthcare… this situation needs to be promptly addressed, in order to ensure equitable and equal access to treatment is universal among those living with HIV,” the Minister had related.There are a number of voluntary counselling and testing sites throughout Guyana. For those in Region four, services including treatment, are offered at the Georgetown Public Hospital and health centres around the region.last_img read more

Evolving Consciousness Without a Soul

first_imgA paper tackling the theory of consciousness begins,Any scientific study of consciousness is based on the premise that phenomenal experience is entailed by neuronal activity in the brain.  Given this premise, an adequate theory of consciousness must be consistent with physics and with evolutionary principles.  Nonphysical or dualistic forces or processes must be excluded, and neural mechanisms of consciousness must emerge ontogenetically and provide adaptive advantage to a species via the ongoing exchange of signals among brains, bodies, and environments.  Ideally, a theory of consciousness should propose neural mechanisms that account for its various features, which range from the multimodal characteristics of conscious scenes to the emergence of a first-person perspective.  An adequate theory should also consider whether certain of these features are susceptible to a quantitative analysis.Unfortunately, Seth et al., writing in PNAS,1 admitted that a fully quantitative theory seems elusive, and “a satisfactory theory is likely to be one that combines both qualitative and quantitative elements.”  They surveyed various approaches to understanding consciousness as an emergent property of physical neurons, but admitted in the end, the complexity of the mind-body problem is intractable to simple approaches:The various dimensions of relevant complexity discussed here require different strategies for their quantitative characterization.  Although we have considered several presently available candidate measures of the balance between differentiation and integration in the spatial domain, measures appropriate for the analysis of neural systems in the temporal and recursive domain remain to be adequately specified.They add, “Given that consciousness is a rich biological phenomenon, a satisfactory neural theory of consciousness must avoid reductionistic excess.”  Any theory that relies on one measure is likely to be excessively reductionistic, they explain.  “Even so, some aspects of consciousness are likely to resist quantification altogether.”  That’s why an evolutionary, naturalistic theory of consciousness is likely to be “one that consists of a combination of qualitative and quantitative elements.”1Seth et al., “Theories and measures of consciousness: An extended framework,“ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0604347103, published online before print July 3, 2006.Is it any wonder that when science restricts itself to physical causes, it comes up with physical explanations?  It is any wonder that such explanations are often reductionist and unsatisfactory?  (Notice that these scientists are not against reductionism per se – just excessive reductionism.)  C. S. Lewis argued that modernism is not an inductive enterprise, but deduction from a prior commitment to the position that matter is all there is.  Here, in the opening sentences of this paper published by the National Academy of Sciences, they have just shown themselves guilty as charged.    Consciousness is one of the greatest enigmas of all to an evolutionist.  What is this seemingly immaterial phenomenon that gives us our sense of self, duty, purpose, longing and choice?  Why does our consciousness so often look beyond itself and mere survival, and ask questions about ultimate meaning?  Why can it deny itself and defy survival for altruistic purposes?  Why does it create art and music, and sense a source to whom it is responsible?  The problem of consciousness has baffled theologians, philosophers and the man in the street since Adam (ever notice the “Wherever you go, there you are” sensation?)  The mind-body problem is one of the biggest of all philosophical problems.  The body clearly influences the mind, and vice versa, but what is the nature of the connection?  Just what is this thing we call consciousness?  Descartes was sure it was nonphysical (I think, therefore “I” am), but the atomists and some Enlightenment elitists wanted to include it in the physicalist box along with everything else.  Unquestionably, theologians have always considered human consciousness as something “other” than physical stuff, whether calling it soul or spirit.  (This is different than the life principle animating animals, since they [as far as we know] do not manifest the human qualities of self, rationality, choice, religion and true altruism.)  Today’s evolutionary biologists say to all the great thinkers of history, “Step aside, we can tackle this one,” assuming that MRIs and better instrumentation and math will improve their chances of success.  Their record shows otherwise.    So-called scientific psychology is a mishmash of conflicting opinions and paradigm upsets.  In the late 19th century, consciousness was “in.”  During the behaviorist fad, it was “out.”  Now it’s “in” again, but in a reductionist, evolutionary sense.  Freud invented the idea that consciousness was mere foam on a sea of Unconsciousness that actually controlled our behavior, but now Freudianism is out.  (One could ask, was his theory generated by his Unconscious?)  No matter the fad, no matter the presuppositions, no matter the bravado the naturalists display, consciousness continues to defy reification.  The very idea of a conscious mind trying to understand itself as collection of matter in motion seems inherently self-contradictory.  Yet the evolutionist must live with this contradiction and try to make the best of it.  It’s no surprise, therefore, that these authors ended up procrastinating their scientific theory of consciousness into the never-never land of The Future and admitted that it will probably never be quantifiable.    The theory of consciousness sought in this paper is part and parcel of the evolutionary world view.  But what if evolution is wrong?  Why should one accept their stated presuppositions?  The fact that they have no answer argues against accepting their premise.  Think about it.  See?  You just illustrated our point.    One cannot get from observation of the physical world to consciousness without the key, and the key is inferring a Mind that can create minds.  Out of nothing, nothing comes.  When you throw away the key, even if you’re having fun wandering around, you’re lost.(Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Young people: own your destiny!

first_imgBrand South Africa held its Youth Summit on 12 June 2012. Joining the CEO of Brand South Africa, Miller Matola and Deputy Minister Obed Bapela, are Ngwanatheko Maserumule of South African Women Entrepreneurs Network (far left); Lucia Motloung the president of Junior Chamber South Africa and its secretary-general, Angel Kgokolo (far right) .Delegates from government, big business, civil society met with young entrepreneurs and students in Sandton, Johannesburg, for Brand South Africa’s Youth Summit on 12 June, where they discussed the social and economic problems facing young South Africans today, and how the youth can take charge of their own futures.Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola was there to give the agency’s view on youth development, while deputy minister in the Presidency for Performance, Monitoring and Evaluation Obed Bapela delivered a keynote address on the government’s role in youth development.About 100 young people, mostly entrepreneurs and students, got a chance to engage with business leaders and discuss active participation in the country and economy, building a competitive nation brand, and creating jobs for graduates.Deputy Minister in the Presidency for Performance Monitoring and Evaluation, Obed Bapela, said that the youth should understand that there is no menial job as everybody is needed for the country to run accordingly.South Africa, like many other countries in Africa, has a growing population of young people and, according to Brand South Africa, the energy of the youth can be harnessed to build the economy.Different struggles, same fightJune is Youth Month in South Africa, commemorating the June 16 1976 uprising led by young students from Soweto. This year the country pays tribute to the 36th anniversary of the event, and to the pupils and community members who lost their lives in that important milestone in the struggle against apartheid.“Youth Month is a time when we commemorate the youth of 1976 who died for their ideals of equality and freedom for all,” Matola said in his address.Although the efforts of 1976 were for a different cause, he said, the same level of dedication is needed by the youth of today to fight for a different cause – the fight for economic emancipation, which can only be won by tackling unemployment.“Today’s youth is liberated, but the level of unemployment among them is a social ill experienced throughout the world.Panellists that engaged with the delegates include: Ezra Ndwandwe of Dualpoint Holdings; Catherine Peter of One Young World; Lucia Motloung, president of Junior Chamber South Africa; and, Absa’s Sisa Ntshona. (Images: Ray Maota)“Addressing this issue is very important in realising government’s Vision 2030.”Vision 2030 is a programme to promote mass entrepreneurship in South Africa. In its proposals on the economy and employment, the plan predicts that small and expanding firms will produce 90% of the new jobs needed for full employment.Matola also discussed Brand South Africa’s role in nation branding, which he said is our promise of who we are to the world and a promise that we need to keep, like any other brand.“A nation’s brand is also a way to attract investment as the world no longer owes us anything.” According to Brand South Africa, if young people take part in the development of the country, they will be partners in the process of nation building and not passive observers.Speakers came from a range of organisations with a focus on youth issues, and included Catherine Peter of One Young World, Lucia Motloung of the South African chapter of Junior Chamber International and Flavio Bassi from social entrepreneur organisation Ashoka Southern Africa.Ezra Ndwandwe of Dualpoint Holdings spoke about entrepreneurship, while TV personality Pat Pillai represented Life College Group and Gavin Mageni was there on behalf of Absa Bank.Investment in youthBapela quoted former Mozambique president Samora Machel, saying: “Youth is the age at which you become rich with education, or remain poor forever.”He also spoke about how investment in youngsters is needed and how the African Union should revisit the African Youth Charter if this is to be done properly in Africa and not only South Africa.The Youth Charter creates a legally binding framework for governments to develop supportive policies and programmes for young people, and serves to fast-track the implementation of these policies and programmes, such as investing in rapid skills development in youngsters.“The youth should understand that there is no menial job as everybody is needed for the country to run accordingly,” Bapela said.Using the example of two different professions, plumbers and doctors, Bapela cited how plumbers can earn higher hourly rates than doctors through their trade, but said young people tend to shun such skills.“The only difference is that most plumbers are not able to run their businesses properly; that is why they seem to be making less money than doctors,” he said.Entrepreneurship is the keyEntrepreneurship is another way for young people to become self-sustainable and create jobs for others.“Entrepreneurship is vital, rather than promoting a culture of job seeking among youngsters,” said Bapela.Most delegates agreed, with Ndwandwe citing research findings that most start-up businesses fail because of lack of funding from state organs like the National Youth Development Agency and the banks.“Entrepreneurship is overused and least understood. It is about innovators and creators of solutions that fill a gap.” Entrepreneurship is not just sitting on a street corner selling stuff, he said.“It is about coming up with solutions to societal problems and ways to create employment for others.”Following the discussion session, delegates drew up recommendations on how to tackle youth unemployment, which will be compiled by Brand South Africa and presented to Bapela for him to take to provincial and national level. Source: Mediaclub South Africalast_img read more

Mandibular fracture

first_imgThe most common cause of broken or dislocated jaw is accident or trauma involving a blow to the face. This may be the result of a motor vehicle accident, industrial accident, recreational/sports injury, or other accident. It may also result from assault. The goal of treatment is proper alignment of the jaw bone so the upper and lower teeth come together normally. Surgery is often required for moderate to severe fractures to align and immobilize the bone so it can heal.Review Date:4/16/2013Reviewed By:C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.last_img

10 months agoJuventus striker Moise Kean ponders January options

first_imgJuventus striker Moise Kean ponders January optionsby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveJuventus striker Moise Kean cannot rule out a January move away.Kean is eager to secure regular first team football after spending much of this season in the stands.A loan move away has been mooted for the youngster and he says: “Sincerely, I do not know what will happen in January.”The club will decide what to do and I only think about training and continuing to work to build something for the future. “If I feel ready for an experience abroad? I do not know yet. All I want is to become better.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img

UConn Has Been Slightly Less Dominant In The Tournament Than It Was

In case you haven’t been reading this site lately, here’s the latest reminder that the University of Connecticut’s women’s basketball team, which is seeking its third straight national title Tuesday in Tampa, is really, really good. UConn is way more dominant than Kentucky’s men’s team was even before the Wildcats lost in the national semis. It’s way better than its closest rivals in the women’s game: Notre Dame, its opponent Tuesday. And it’s even way more dominant than its worthiest rivals: other recent UConn teams.Before the tournament began, we tracked how much UConn led by in its games, on average, throughout the 40 minutes of regulation. Not only had UConn crushed its opponents by an average of 42 points per game this year, but it was even more dominant earlier in the game — for instance, it led at halftime by an average of 25 points. And at just about every stage of the average game, the Huskies were ahead by more points than the UConn teams of the previous four years. The big exception was their Elite Eight game against Dayton, in which UConn had a lead of more than 10 points for less than a quarter of the game.What we didn’t know then is whether the comparison would hold up once the NCAA tournament began. UConn would have to face some tough competition — could it continue to dominate?The answer is a qualified yes. UConn’s average halftime margin has been 18.2 points during the tournament, compared to 24.8 points in the regular season and American Athletic Conference tournament — a drop-off of 27 percent. But it has caught up a bit in the second half of games, winning by an average of 37.4 points — just 11 percent lower than its 42.1-point average lead at the end of regulation coming into the tournament. That may mean that UConn peaked at different times in tournament games, or that the 11 percent gap is understating the extent to which UConn has struggled in the tournament, since it spent less time with its foot off the gas pedal in the second half. Of course, struggling is relative for these Huskies: They’ve still won each of their tournament games by at least 21 points.A related question we faced was how much of this team’s apparent edge over its UConn predecessors would drop away once it, like its predecessors, had to play in the tournament. The answer is, not much.This chart isn’t finished yet — Notre Dame will have something to say about it. Our March Madness predictions give the Fighting Irish only a 14 percent chance of winning. They have an even smaller chance of winning by enough to change UConn’s overwhelmingly dominant profile.Correction: An earlier version of this article referred incorrectly to a tournament in which UConn played. It was the American Athletic Conference tournament, not the Big East. read more

Ramos Modric deserves to win the UEFA Player of the Year

first_imgReal Madrid captain Sergio Ramos feels that team-mate Luka Modric deserves the UEFA Player of the Year award more than bigger marketable names like Cristiano RonaldoThe decision to name the Croatia international as the winner of the award caused a stir with Ronaldo’s agent, Jorge Mendes, being particularly vocal over his disapproval.But Ramos is certain that Modric is the rightful winner.The 32-year-old playmaker played a key role, alongside Ronaldo, in helping secure Real Madrid a third successive Champions League title last season and captained Croatia to it’s first ever World Cup final before eventually losing to France.“There are few players that I am as proud of having in my team as [Modric],” said Ramos, according to the Daily Mail.Sergio Ramos, Real MadridZidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.“He is a great friend and a great player. He is one of the few players who [if he wins] would make me as happy as if they had given it to me.”Ramos also seemed to take a dig at Ronaldo by suggesting that Modric is more humble.“Maybe there are players with more marketing, with a bigger name but Modric deserves that award,” he added.Modric has appeared in all three of Real’s La Liga games this season and provided an assist in the 4-1 win over Leganes.last_img read more

Former Newcastle owner doesnt believe the team will win anything

first_imgFor Sir John Hall, the current administration is “further away than ever” from winning anything with the English Premier League clubThe last time Newcastle United won anything, was in the 2016-2017 season when they earned the English Championship title and a ticket to the Premier League.But they haven’t really won anything in First Division in a long time, and for former Magpie owner Sir John Hall, the current administration is “further away than ever.”“There have been a lot of ups and downs – probably a few more downs in recent times,” Hall was quoted by The Chronicle Live.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“I’ve often tried to get my head around why it’s been so long. In my day, maybe we tried too hard.”“Had we won the league under Kevin, I am convinced Newcastle’s history would be very different,” he added.“The harsh reality is that today, more than at any time since 1969, we are probably further away than ever from winning something.”“And there is no chance of doing so until there is change at the club,” he concluded.last_img read more

Guardiola hails incredible Phil Foden

first_imgManchester City manager Pep Guardiola has lauded youngster Phil Foden after he scored his first goal for the club in their 7-0 win against Rotherham.18-year old Phil Foden was among the goals when City ran riot at the Etihad on Sunday with a 7-0 emphatic victory against Championship side Rotherham.Speaking after the game, City manager Pep Guardiola spoke highly of the teenager and why he picks him in games.“Today he was there and his movement was incredible,” Guardiola told the club’s website.“Of course the pass from Gundogan (for Foden’s goal) was incredible but these kind of balls are so difficult to defend.Premier LeaguePremier League Betting: Match-day 5 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Going into the Premier League’s match-day five with a gap already beginning to form at the top of the league. We will take a…“The 90 mins for his experience and self-confidence, but of course he must improve.“He lost three or four balls but that’s normal, he is 18-years-old! He will learn in the future and play better!“If he plays it’s because we believe he can play, not because he’s a City fan or a nice guy – we believe he can play!”last_img read more