Wheat scab update for late May

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Wheat is now flowering in parts of central Ohio and will continue to flower in more northern counties later this week and into next week. According to the FHB forecasting system (http://www.wheatscab.psu.edu/), the risk for scab was low in central and northern Ohio for fields flowering earlier this week.Although it rained fairly consistently in mid May, conditions were relatively cool last week, which likely reduced the risk of the scab fungus infecting the wheat spikes. Scab develops best under moderate to warm temperatures and humid conditions. Continue to keep your eyes on the weather and the forecasting system over the next week or so as there is rain in the forecast and warmer temperatures.Fields flowering at the end of this week or early next week (May 25-30) may still be at risk for scab. Prosaro and Caramba are the two fungicides recommended for head scab control. Stay away from the strobilurins when the risk for scab is high as they have been linked to higher grain contamination with vomitoxin. Click on the links below to see updated factsheet # PLPATH-CER-06 for more on head scab of wheat and barley and factsheet # PLPATH-CER-03 for guidelines on how to use and interpret the scab forecasting system.last_img read more

All About Makeup Air

first_imgMost homes have several appliances or fans that expel air from the home: one or more bathroom exhaust fans, a clothes dryer, a range hood fan, a gas furnace, or a wood stove. The rate at which these appliances expel air is usually expressed in cubic feet per minute. What are typical air flow rates for exhaust appliances? Here’s a guide:Common sense tells us that if a fan is expelling 100 cubic feet of air per minute from your house, then an equal volume of air (“makeup air”) must be leaking into your house at the same time to replace the exhausted air. If your house is old and leaky, the makeup air enters through random cracks in your home’s thermal envelope. But if your house is relatively tight, you may need to provide a deliberate source of makeup air whenever high-cfm exhaust appliances are operating. (For more information on this topic, see “Makeup Air for Range Hoods.”)Some builders use the following basic (but imperfect) rule of thumb: “Most houses don’t have to supply makeup air for exhaust appliances rated at 400 cfm or less.”This rule of thumb is actually enshrined in the building code. It can be found in the 2009 IRC, section M1503.4, which states: “Exhaust hood systems capable of exhausting in excess of 400 cfm shall be provided with makeup air at a rate approximately equal to the exhaust air rate. Such makeup air systems shall be equipped with a means of closure and shall be automatically controlled to start and operate simultaneously with the exhaust system.”(Note that the 2015 version of the IRC includes slightly modified language for this section of the code. For more information the changes, see “M1504.4, Makeup air for range hoods.”)This rule of thumb works in most homes, where… This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.center_img Start Free Trial Already a member? Log inlast_img read more

Thailand silences PH to advance to AVC semis

first_imgCONTRIBUTED PHOTOBIÑAN, Laguna—Thailand brought down host Philippines, 25-21, 25-14, 25-20, to advance to the semifinal stage of the AVC Asian Senior Women’s Volleyball Championship Tuesday at Alonte Sports Arena here.The Thais set up a semifinals matchup against 10th-ranked Korea in the penultimate stage while the Philippines will duke it out against Chinese-Taipei in the bottom four of the classification stage.ADVERTISEMENT Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim The Philippines labored to score against the Thais’ superb defense, converting on just 28 of its total 114 spike attempts.Thailand, on the other hand, scored on 46 of its 109 spike attempts.READ: Macandili on facing powerhouse teams in AVC: ‘This is anybody’s game’Chatchu-on Moksri and Ajcharaporn Kongyot had 17 points apiece to lead Thailand while Wilavan Apinyapong added 13.Jovelyn Gonzaga spearheaded the 79th-ranked Philippines with 11 points while Alyssa Valdez and Jaja Santiago, who scored tournament-highs in their previous game against Vietnamn, were limited to a combined 16 points.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next TNT taps Glen Rice Jr. as new import Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ LATEST STORIES Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Palace defends Duterte’s absences from Asean events PLAY LIST 01:50Palace defends Duterte’s absences from Asean events00:50Trending Articles01:09Palace: Duterte to attend Asean Summit in Bangkok but with ‘spacing’02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Gamescenter_img NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Despite the loss, Philippine head coach Francis Vicente was pleased with the fight his team showed against the Asian powerhouse.READ: Philippines stuns Vietnam in AVC FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games opening“This is a game, you win some you lose some. But it’s how you fight that’s important,” said Vicente in Filipino. “I saw that the heart was still there and the determination to not give up was there also.”“It’s just unfortunate that we lost today.” Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ MOST READ Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View commentslast_img read more

Why can’t Indians get rid of the honorifics?

first_imgWe pretend we are a strong, independent and free society but we are not, we are actually a nation of psychophantic, hyper-unctuous, forelock-tugging ji-huzoorers.Look at the simplest public ceremony, say the inauguration of a film-festival or a nuclear plant. Say a minister has been invited to inaugurate the place or event (okay, in a nuclear plant one would perhaps want other toxic presences, so the presence of a minister-type is understandable, but we even insist on letting them irradiate cultural occasions, which is mystifying). Whenever anyone addresses the dignitary they will have to say ‘aadarniya Pradhan/Mukhya/Railway/Culture mantriji, Shri/Shrimati/Dr?’ and then the big honcho’s name. Why? Why can’t we keep it simple: ‘Chief Minister, Ms. Mayawati’ or ‘Chief Minister, Shri Kumar’ or ‘Prime Minister, Dr. Singh’?DignitariesSurely, the ‘respected’, ‘honourable’, ‘aadarniya’ ‘worshipped by millions’ etc is included in the title of ‘minister’? Unless, of course, it isn’t, as may be the case for say, Narendra Modi, for whom you can only use ‘honourable’ and ‘respectable’ sarcastically. Surely, when you address someone as ‘Prime Minister’, ‘President’ or ‘Governor’ it’s clear that the person got there through some route that involved earning the respect of a large number of people? Clearly, the Indian great and good have been insecure over half a century to the point where it has to be constantly underlined that a Minister is actually honourable or a Vice-Chancellor is actually ‘learned’.Take this verbal bowing and scraping and move it into the international arena and it gets worse. The Americans have a President. So do the French. So do the Brazilians. So do we. Why then should we always call the American one with the prefix of ‘Mister’? Surely it should just be ‘President Obama’, ‘President Sarkozy’, ‘President Rousseff’ and ‘President Patil’? And, if you really wanted to add ‘Your Excellency’ when addressing the two ladies, the one gentleman and Nicholas Sarkozy, you could do so. But no, every time an Indian leader or journalist addresses the US President there is a proud ‘Mr.’ attached in front.Every time I hear this, I want to grab whoever it is and play them that famous Marilyn Monroe performance where she sings ‘Happy Birthday’ to John Kennedy: ‘Happpy. Birrrthday. Misssterr Pre-sident!’ Every word is sexualised and simultaneously sent up, especially the breathily sighed ‘Mister President’. Whether Monroe actually had it off with Kennedy will, perhaps, forever be open to conjecture, but there is no doubt that she was very happy to publicly imply (and laugh at) her desire for this most powerful man. In all the cringe-making moments of Indian diplomacy, the one that still sets my skin crawling was when Aadarniya, Respectable, Honourable Pradhan-Mantri-ji Dr. Shri Manmohan Singh-ji actually told that cretinous warcriminal George Bush how much we Indians ‘loved’ him; I’m sure the PM wasn’t speaking on my behalf, I’m not even sure he believed it himself, but Marilyn Monroe sighs in my ear every time I think about that simpering statement.SportsIf this makkhan-lagaoing is bad officially, it’s equally bad in semi-official situations.I know no one wants to hear the word ‘cricket’ right now, but rest assured, I’m only using it to make a (somewhat) non-cricketing point. Non-South Asian teams show respect to their captains by the use of the word ‘Skipper’ or even ‘Skip’ and the senior-most players will be addressed by their first names or assigned nicknames by the youngest who joins the squad. There is no question that people like Clive Lloyd, Viv Richards and Steve Waugh were hugely respected, perhaps even feared, by the youngsters in their teams, but no one ever heard the word ‘Sir’ come out of the juniors’ mouths. It’s only in India and Pakistan (I’m not sure what happens in Sri Lanka) that you have this ‘Sir’, ‘Bhai’ and ‘Dada’ business. Of these, I don’t even mind the ‘bhai’ which is a normal suffix for someone older than you, nor ‘Dada’ (but for someone a tad more deserving than Sourav Ganguly perhaps), but the ‘sir’ bit for seniors and coach gets to me.You can bet your bottom dollar that no one in the England team calls Andy Flower ‘sir’, no one in Manchester United calls Alex Ferguson ‘sir’ and no one in the Barcelona team calls Pep Guardiola ‘senor’. In the informal respect of ‘skipper’, ‘guv’nor’ or ‘jefe’ is an unmistakable hierarchy but there is also a kind of camaraderie: you are all together in the business of winning games for the team and the respect is one essential aspect of it, it never comes as a default salaam-ing before and above the team goal.I understand that we Indians are continuing a culture that’s deeply embedded with certain kinds of ‘sanskar’, that in most Indian languages we have the three gears of an ‘aap’, a ‘tum’ and a ‘tu’ for a reason. But this tradition of default ‘respect’ also keeps all sorts of reactionary garbage from being dislodged. It keeps in place the power imbalance between women and men, between the still un-dead castes, between rich and poor, and equally importantly between older people and younger. This ‘aadar’-matrix gifts un-earned authority to all sorts of unsavoury characters, from the microcosm of the family to the macrocosm of the nation but allows no place for a genuine, healthy respect for one’s elders or betters. Just as it becomes easy for an older reactionary type to hold on to power, so too, it’s facile for some young thug to get away with murder as long as he or she continues to use the empty codes of respectful suffixes and prefixes.HistoryIf we go back to our recent history, we find that many of our great leaders carry some nickname of respect: ‘Mahatma’, ‘Bapu’, Panditji’, ‘Chacha’, ‘Sardar’, ‘Netaji’ etc. Many of these names were earned during hard political grind and often the love and respect were given freely by the followers. But too many of these names imply either a kind of parenthood or some sort of dictatorial generalship where we the people are like children or, more accurately, like child-soldiers who will unquestioningly do the bidding of the ma-baap-commanders.Across the span of our independence, these names have become instruments in the hands of those who would have us remain in that state of infantile, unquestioning obedience.So, even as Narendra Modi continues to re-assassinate Gandhi, he carries on deploying the familiar and very Gujarati ‘Bapu’ like a brand-mantra to help sustain his rule. Equally, Mayawati and others run ragged the name of Ambedkar (Babasaheb) while burying his legacy of democracy.Another aspect of this aadar -matrix in India is that the contemporary leader also takes on (or, is ‘given’ by worshipful followers) a new nickname similar to the famous old ones. So, Mamata Banerjee becomes ‘Didi’, even as she puts the names of ‘Netaji’ and ‘Gurudeb’ into heavy deployment alongside her own. So, too, we now have Shri Kisan Baburao Hazare occupying the satyagraha/ hunger-strike slot, ‘Anna’, the older brother, waving the flag of ‘Bapu’, the father, while putting in place ideology and strategy that would most likely have revolted one Mohandas K. Gandhi.The important thing may not be Mr. Hazare himself but the dormant volcanoes of grievance he has helped bring alive again. It could be that Ms. Mamata Banerjee given some time and not a little luck, may actually be the saviour Bengal so badly needs. The thing I want to see is a simple chief minister, prime minister or citizen of India without the pomp and nomenclatural epaulettes, doing whatever needs to be done. The thing I want to see, though, is leaders who are first among equals and not the bossy older brother or sister I’m glad my parents never gave me.advertisementadvertisementadvertisementlast_img read more